HOW TO FIGHT HUNGER TO REDUCE POVERTY
Hunger and poverty are some of the biggest threats that threaten the peaceful lives of developing countries. It also happens to affect children the most in terms of education, survival, health and nutrition, participation and protection from harm and exploitation.
Well we here at SFAM refuse to sit by and let such things befall our beloved planet and that’s why we’ve prepared a list of some of the most effective ways to alleviate hunger and evidently, poverty.
- Block Speculators
Ever since the financial crisis, large sums of investment fund money have gone into commodities markets, looking for returns that are no longer available in equities. Besides that, automated trading systems that encourage volatility and exploit tiny flaws in the market make it impossible for traditional traders to keep prices stable and hedge against spikes.
- 2. Prevent Land Grabbing
One of the biggest scares over future food supply is wealthy, land-poor states, like the ones in South Korea and the Gulf, that acquire tracts of undeveloped countries to use as allotments. This is a campaigning cause of the multi-charity IF campaign in their fight against hunger. Sudan, Ethiopia, Cambodia, and Madagascar have been targeted and a total area that is the size of Spain might have already been acquired.
- 3. Stop the Meat Production
In case you didn’t know, meat production is a wasteful use of the planet’s scarce resources. Even as we speak, there is only 40% of the graze that is able to livestock and fish. Intensive beef farming is the most inefficient as it has been shown that only 2.5% of the feed that is given to cattle emerge as calories for our consumption.
This is why the United Nations says that agriculture production will rise to 60% in order to feed 2 billion extra mouths in 2050.
- 4. Make Less BioFuel
The more carbon is emitted from fossil fuels, the more rich countries turn maize, sugar and other food crops into biodiesel and ethanol.
The problem is that most economists don’t see how important this issue is in food price rises. Fuel and food prices are inextricably linked, hence producing biofuel may produce lower food prices.
A fraction of food crops have always been used for energy. Like when 10% of the world’s crops were used to feed horses 100 years ago. However second-generation biofuel won’t require food crops, but stalks, wood, and other waste.
- 5. Focus on Infant Nutrition
Bill Gates once told the London summit as well as many other rich nations and companies that were backing an African government-led plan that “getting rid of malnutrition is possible and that it’s within our reach. Major improvements have already been made.
However, the solution to this lies in education on excellent feeding techniques and getting the right nutrients to the mother and her unborn child at the start of pregnancy.
Malnutrition makes people poorer as it is responsible for an 11% decline in GDP in affected countries.
- 6. Support Small Farmers
Most of the African farmers of today are less productive than a US farmer was over 100 years ago. There is a general agreement between the government and NGOs that supporting and training small farmers is the best solution possible for future food security.
A mix of education in low-tech methods like better rice planting and irrigation, aid, and the introduction of better fertilizer and seeds could spark a green revolution in Africa and other poorer countries that are heavily affected by poverty and hunger. This would have the same effect as it did for South Asia in the 20th century.
The problem lies with rich countries as they have proven to be terrible at delivering on their aid pledges. Genetically modified crops are already part of the issue.