The name catfish refers to the long barbels, or feelers, which are present about the mouth of the fish and resemble cat whiskers.
All catfishes have at least one pair of barbels, on the upper jaw; they may also have a pair on the snout and additional pairs on the chin. Many catfishes possess spines in front of the dorsal and pectoral fins.
These spines may be associated with venom glands and can cause painful injuries to the unsuspecting. All catfishes are either naked or armoured with bony plates; none has scales.
Some Facts about catfish:
*A catfish has about 100,000 taste buds, and their bodies are covered with them to help detect chemicals present in the water and also to respond to touch.
*Some ancient cultures used to keep catfish in their latrine ponds as a natural way of getting rid of waste.
- The Asian walking catfish can actually pick itself up and “walk” across the ground with its front fins and tail. It will walk short distances when it needs to relocate to a different pool or body of water.
Some species of catfish are able to breathe through their skin, which is why most species of catfish are lacking scales and have smooth, mucus covered skin.
Catfish are one of a few fish that have an organ called the Weberian apparatus that they use to communicate with each other underwater.
The Weberian apparatus also helps improve its hearing ability. Catfish make additional sounds by rubbing parts of their bodies together underwater.
This common fish has a terrific nutritional profile.
A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of fresh catfish provides (1Trusted Source):
Fat: 2.9 grams
Protein: 18 grams
Sodium: 50 mg
Vitamin B12: 121% of the Daily Value (DV)
Selenium: 26% of the DV
Phosphorus: 24% of the DV
Thiamine: 15% of the DV
Potassium: 19% of the DV
Cholesterol: 24% of the DV
Omega-3 fatty acids: 237 mg
Omega-6 fatty acids: 337 mg
In addition to being low in calories and sodium, catfish is packed with protein, healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals.
Benefits of eating catfish
There are various health benefits of eating catfish, but we will highlight few benefits of eating catfish
- A source of lean protein.
Catfish supplies the body with lean protein which serve as a good source of protein that has low calorie and low fat.
Source of vitamin B12.
The catfish supplies the body with vitamin B12 which helps to keep your body’s and nerve cells healthy.
The vitamin B12 helps to prevent megaloblastic anemia. Megaloblastic anemia is a condition that make people week and tired.
- Source of omaga-3 fatty acid.
Catfish is one of the major source of omaga-3 fatty acid.
Omaga-3 fatty acid serve as an energy source, it also help keep your heart, lungs, blood vessels and immune system working the way it should be.
- Aid weight loss.
Protein rich diet such as catfish help people loose weight because it can help them avoid over eating.
Proteinous diets help build lean muscles which aids to burn calories and weight loss.
- Source of omaga-6 fatty acid.
Omaga-6 fatty acid lower harmful LDL cholesterol and boost HDL. It can also help keep blood sugar in check by improving the body’s sensitivity to insulin.
Pregnant and breastfeeding mother’s are advised not to eat any food containing omaga-6 fatty acid, but there are is no reliable information about the safety of taking omaga-6 fatty acid supplement.
The flavour of formed catfish is mild and slightly sweet which makes it delicious. You can also obtain oil which could be used is cooking oil and a source of fat and oil.
Catfish has various benefits which makes it unique from other fishes.